Week 15 blog- Maggie Reid

In the newsroom, the audience should be considered, however, not so much that the only information being released is entirely just what the public wants to hear, rather than should. There needs to be a balance, so to speak.

With analytics, news outlets can see what audiences are viewing the most on their websites. You can learn from the audience. A good point I found was that journalists should be accessible so that the community can message them. Their email/ work social handles should be on the news website, for example. On the newspapers even, there should be a contact listed. That way, the audience is able to contact the paper or a specific editor with information about a possible story for example.

You should go to community events, and look on social media, to see what your audience is interested about and what they want to see. If nobody is interested in what is being written, then the newspaper will not be successful. The newspaper should figure out who is reading it. You can use analytics to find out a lot of info about your readers, such as age, gender, and so on.

A benefit of considering the community is that you are able to figure out what they are interested in, which can lead to more viewership. The audience can help you find out information you might not have found out about on your own, which is another benefit.

A possible ramification could be shifting the newspaper to a certain side in order to appeal more to your audience. Yes, it is important to consider the audience, but not if it is going to make the paper biased and opinionated. There needs to be a balance also, like was said in our online reading, between what the audience wants to know and needs to know. There shouldn’t be too much of what the audience wants to know, for example.

Ferrer-Conill, Raul. “The Audience-Oriented Editor.” Taylor and Francis Online, 23 Feb. 2018, http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/21670811.2018.1440972.
Guzmán, Mónica. “How to Listen to Your Audience and Learn from Them.” American Press Institute, 10 May 2016, http://www.americanpressinstitute.org/publications/reports/strategy-studies/how-to-listen/.
Monteiro, Andre. “How Media Outlets and Journalists Can Develop Their Audiences: Advice for Tracking and Growing Your Metrics.” Knight Center for Journalism in the Americas, 5 July 2017, knightcenter.utexas.edu/blog/00-18547-how-media-outlets-and-journalists-can-develop-their-audiences-advice-tracking-and-grow.

Week 14 blog- Maggie Reid

After reading about Lance Cpl. Bernard, I decided I would  have also published the photos of Bernard. AP justified posting the photos because they “showed the consequences of war”. That is true. Reading an article is not enough to get people to think. Actually seeing the harsh reality of war gets people to think.

It makes me sad that in order to show the harsh reality, the family of Bernard’s wishes had to not be honored, however. The photos showed the 21-year-old’s final moments, and now they were being shown everywhere in other publications due to the AP, which caused the family emotional anguish.

Photos of their son’s last moments were published for the world to see, which makes me sad, however I acknowledge the importance of images such as this. I just wish there was a way to honor the family’s wishes and also get images out there, but I don’t know if that is possible.  I did research, and found that they waited until Bernard was buried to post the photos. And that they did meet with the family in person, who disagreed with the pictures being published. Jacobson showed the image to other soldiers, who were not offended by the image.

They were respectful in these aspects, but they were not respectful by not carrying out their wishes, but it had to be done. It is important for these photos to be shown, because they create a conversation. They show the truth, how painful and horrible it may be.


James, Frank. “Photo Of Marine’s Fatal Wounding Sparks Debate.” NPR, NPR, 4 Sept. 2009, http://www.npr.org/sections/thetwo-way/2009/09/photo_of_marines_fatal_woundin.html.
Dunlap, David W. “Behind the Scenes: To Publish or Not?” The New York Times, The New York Times, 4 Sept. 2009, lens.blogs.nytimes.com/2009/09/04/behind-13/.

Week 11–Maggie

I chose to look at the fake news story titled “FBI agent suspected in Hillary email leaks found dead in apartment murder-suicide”. This story garnered many engagements on Facebook–560,000 of them. The story was published under the name  The Denver Guardian and called themselves the oldest news source of Denver. In reality, The Denver Guardian doesn’t exist, and the oldest new source in Denver is The Denver Post.

The Denver Post wrote an article stating that this news publication didn’t exist, and that their contact address was a vacant parking lot. Fake news such as this discredits journalisms because it makes the public believe that journalists write made up news, when in reality, these people are not journalists. They are just spreaders of intentionally made up information with eye-catching headlines that they want to spread to misinformed people who go on to share these stories on social media because they know they will not investigate if it is true or not. This made up news organization also took away from Denver’s truest oldest news source by lying and claiming to be, when they were imaginary and didn’t exist.

Fake news can lead to dangerous situations, as did due to the spread of “Pizzagate”, which said that there was pizza-themed code in leaked democratic candidates emails that claimed there was a child sex ring in a D.C. pizzeria. A man from North Carolina came to investigate these made up claims with a gun. 

According to Harvard Summer School, there are some ways to make sure what you reading is credible. One question to ask yourself is if the site would meet academic citation standards. You should also pay attention to the author and see if they have published anything else. If they use a gmail as their contact information, you should be wary. If there is a lot of dramatic punctuation, such as excessive exclamation points,  and spelling errors, that is a red flag. No professional would do that. You can also turn to fact checking websites such as http://www.factcheck.org , or http://www.politifact.com  which will confirm if an article is correct or made up. 

Nagler, Christina. “4 Tips for Spotting a Fake News Story.” Harvard Summer School, 1 Nov. 2018, http://www.summer.harvard.edu/inside-summer/4-tips-spotting-fake-news-story.


Maggie Reid–Week 9 Blog

Requesting to follow someone on social media in order to use them as a source is ethical, in my opinion, as long as you are making it known that you are a journalist and the reason was to strictly ask them questions for your story. The relationship between the source should be professional so that there is no bias towards your reporting.

An example of journalists using Facebook for sources would be Tracy Swartz, a writer for The RedEye in Chicago. She writes about the transit system, and in this case, bus drivers friended her so that they could send her information. In this case, however, Facebook was a valuable tool in order for her to find out more information.

In this day and age, social media is important for promoting stories, reporting updates, as well as getting information from followers. Someone from social media can send a reporter a video of a fire that happened, for example. The reporter can ask that person questions to find out more information.

NPR has a code of ethics for journalists when it comes to social media. In it, they say that social media can be used as a way to speed up research and news gathering, as well as extend a reporters contacts.

However, in it they say reporters must carefully cite exactly where and who they got the information from, and make it known if they were unable to confirm something. They must also verify pictures from social media, as it is easy to manipulate images. If they are unsure, they should not post it. They should also follow up to confirm information they got from an online source by calling them on the phone or by doing an in person interview.

When getting information from social media, there is also the chance of appearing less credible .  There was a study done by the Amsterdam School of Communication that found the public viewed sources obtained from phone calls and in person as more credible than from Twitter or Facebook.

Blog #2- Maggie Reid

Like some other classmates, I had a difficult time finding a news story that disturbed or offended me. I searched through many news sites and articles before I finally found one on Mirror.org, titled ‘‘Why I want everyone to see my dead pregnant wife and baby daughter lying in their coffin’.

 This article had graphic images, and although there was a warning up at the top of the article, it was still disturbing to see. The article shows pictures of Kincaid’s wife and infant daughter’s bodies in a coffin, as well as him holding his daughter. Under the picture of him holding his daughter, Avalynn, they put the caption “Zach with daughter Avalynn who died in the horror smash”, this comes off as tasteless, in my opinion. Using the word “smash” just seems very vulgar of a term to use to describe her death.

The husband, Kincaid, shared the images on social media, which is where the publication was able to then repost them on their article. I understand the reasoning behind the article, however. The husband wanted to show the world the devastation left behind due to the recklessness of a drunk driver, as well as petition for stricter laws. Because Avalynn was not born at the time she died, despite being less than a month from her due date, the man who killed her will not be charged with her death.

In the story, The Mirror said “the reigning World Boxing Federation International Super Bantamweight champ” to describe the boxer, Marcus Forestal, who killed Krystil and her daughter. He doesn’t deserve to have his titles in this article. Forestal also live streamed the crash, which was included in this story.  I believe this shouldn’t have been included, they also showed a picture of him winning a fight, which was tasteless. He is a murderer, what is the point in giving him recognition for past accomplishments?

In my opinion, it didn’t seem right to show that video in the article. This family has been through so much, and circulating that video even more than it should could end up causing more harm to them. In the video, according to the Daily Mail, he blames Krystil, and made no attempt to go get help.

Although these images were disturbing, they were also important, because they showed just how much devastation was caused because of Forestal drunk driving.  Over all, this was a disturbing article because it showed just how little concern Forrestal had human life.

In a way, I would say my response to this content is culturally based, because most people would find seeing a picture of a dead body graphic, even though they were in an open casket.